Omaha

Omaha Game Rules

Thumb Rules
Number of players: 2-10
Card Type: A 52 card deck without a joker
Basics: Each player is dealt four cards face down. These cards are called "pocket cards". The dealer then hands out five community cards face up. To make a winning hand of five cards, players must use only two out of their four "pocket cards" and three of the community cards on the table. To win, players have to com up with the highest hands,
 
Omaha High/Low
Omaha Regular and High-Low havealmost identical rules. The only time the games differ is at showdown. Like its name suggests, in Omaha High/Low, the highest and the lowest hands take the pot.  
 
Player with the highest hand wins. To decide the lowest hand, a qualifier of 8-or-better for low is used. So in order to win the lower half of the pot, a player's hand at the showdown must have five cards of different ranks, which are an eight or lower in rank. (Remember: An ace is the highest card and also the lowest card.) If there is no qualifying hand for low, the best high hand wins the entire pot.
The players make their combinations with two pocket cards and three community cards on the table.
In case, there are several contenders for the low hand pot, the winner is determined by the lowest card in a hand. Still, if there are many players with equal lowest hands, the pot is equally split among all.
 
Omaha Poker Game Types
 
Limit poker
Bet as well as Raise is decided upon before the game begins. In a 1/2 Limit game, the stakes in both Bet and Raise must be exactly equal. But in last two rounds the stakes for the Bet and Raise must be doubled.
 
Pot Limit
The total money in the pot sets the higher limit of Bet or Raise in this game. For instance, if the total value of the pot is 10, the first player cannot bet more than 10, the second player can bet a total of 30 (10 for his portion of the call and a raise by 20). However, there is no limit on the number of raises in Pot-Limit poker games.
 
No Limit
This game does not have any bet limit. A player can make a bet of any amount. The Big Blind has to be equal to the minimum bet.
 
Stages of Omaha Poker Game
Omaha poker has four rounds of betting. A Blind Bet forms the initial pot. The first player who sits at the table becomes a dealer. The player sitting to the left of the dealer begins the game. In tournaments, when all players take their seats at the same time, players are dealt one card face up each. The player who gets the card of maximum value becomes the dealer. The game begins clockwise.
 
Stage 1 - Blinds
First, the two players to the left of the dealer "post the blinds" – a blind bet without seeing their cards. This ensures there is money to play for, right from the beginning. The bet posted by the first player to the left of the dealer is called a Small Blind. The one posted by the second player to the left of the dealer is called a Big Blind.
A Big Blind is always the double of a Small Blind. Now players who do not have enough chips to make a Blind Bet, stake everything they have in one go. In a two-player game, the dealer posts Big Blind. The game begins thereafter.
 
Stage 2 - Pre-Flop
Each player is dealt two cards, which they can see. The betting begins with the player sitting to the left of the one who posts the Big Blind.
Each player gets to call, raise or fold as the game proceeds. When the betting returns to the player who made the Big Blind, he/she can say, "Check" to ensure no one ‘raises’ the bet. However, if an opponent has already raised the Big Blind, this player has three options:  Call, Raise or Fold. When all bets get equal, the initial pot is formed and the game moves into the next round.
Note: Call - match the amount bet in the Big Blind.  Raise - increase the amount of bet.Fold - surrender cards and the stake in the game.
 
Stage 3 - Flop
The dealer deals three ‘Flop’ Cards face up. The round begins with the player who makes the Small Blind. If he/she flops the cards, the round begins from the first player to his/her left, provided he/she does not flop the card either. When all bets are equal, the game goes into the next round.
 
Stage 4 - Turn
Now the fourth Community Card is dealt face up. The third round of betting begins. The game begins with the first player to the left of the dealer.
 
Stage 5 - River
Finally, the fifth and the final Community Card is dealt. This is the final round of betting. The round begins with the first active player to the left of the dealer.
 
Showdown
Once all the best are equal, the last player to bet or play shows the cards first. If during the last betting round none of the players bet (just checking), the first player to the left of the dealer shows the cards first. The other players reveal their cards moving clockwise around the table. If a player's cards are weaker than the winning hand shown, he/she has the option to show or chuck the cards.
 
In Omaha: The best five-card hand takes the pot.
 
In Omaha High/Low:
The highest and the lowest hands split the pot equally. Player with the highest hand wins. To decide the lowest hand, a qualifier of 8-or-better for low is used. So to win the lower half of the pot, a player's hand at the showdown must have five cards of different ranks that are an eight or lower in rank. (Remember: An ace is the highest card and also the lowest card.) If there is no qualifying hand for low, the best high hand wins the entire pot.
 
In case, there are several contenders for the low hand pot, the winner is determined by the lowest card in a hand. Still, if there are many players with equal lowest hands, the pot is equally split among all.
 
Things to remember:
 
Missed Blinds Policy
 
To prevent players from entering the game at a later stage and placing blinds, an initial fee equal to Big Blind is posted. One can wait out until the Big Blind reaches ones position. Here are a few scenarios:
- If a player opts to wait for Big Blind, he/she will be sitting out and will not be able to join the game until the Big Blind comes around to its starting point.
- If a player, despite sitting
- if a player, despite sitting at the table, misses his Bg Blind, he/she will also have to miss the Small Blind.
- If a player misses both the small and the big blind, he/she will have to bet an amount equal to the big blind plus a 'dead' bet equal to the small blind.
 
All-In Rules
Players CANNOT fold if they exhaust all their chips. These players have to go All-In and bet whatever chips they are left with.
The pot then gets divided into a Main pot and a Side pot. All bets are added to the Side pot. These are various permutations of how much the winner gets:
- If the player who went All-in loses, all chips (both the main and side pots) go to the winner.
- If the player who went All-in wins, he gets the Main pot. However, the side pot goes to the player with the second best Poker Hand.
 
If several players go All-in, several side pots can be created.
 
- If a player who accepts all the All-in bets, but does not go All-in himself, and has the highest ranking hand when revealed, he/she wins the Main pot as well as all the side pots which were created before he/she goes All-in.
 
Note: All-in players with the highest ranking hands can take only the pot (or pots) he/she bet for.