Texas Hold'em

Thumb Rules

Number of players: 2 to 10 

Card type:  A 52 card deck without joker 

Basics: Each player is dealt two cards face down. These cards are called ‘hole cards’. Players can either check, bet or fold. The dealer then hands out three community cards face up, after which the betting begins. Once a round is complete, the dealer keeps handing out a card face up on the table. There would be 5 cards face up in total. To win, the players have to come up with the highest hand.
Game Types
Limit Poker
Up to 4 bets are allowed during any betting round. These include:  Bet, Raise, Re-raise, and Final raise. There is no limit to the number of raises that a player can make. In Limit poker, Bet as well as Raise are agreed upon in advance. For instance, in a 1/2 Limit game, the stakes in both Bet and Bet Raise must be exactly equal. While in the last two rounds for the Bet and Raise, the stakes must be doubled.
Pot Limit
Here, the maximum value of Bet or Raise cannot exceed the current total amount in the pot. For instance, if the total value of the pot is 10 and the first player bets 10, the second player could bet a total of 30 (10 for his portion of the call and a raise by 20). There is no cap to the number of raises in Pot-Limit poker games.

No Limit
In No Limit game there is no bet limit. A player can make a bet of any amount.
Stages of the game
Texas Hold’em poker involves four rounds of betting. A Blind Bet forms the initial pot. The first player who takes place at the table becomes a dealer. The game starts with the player sitting on the left of the dealer. A round disk (called the Dealer button) is placed at the dealer’s position. In tournaments, when all players are seated at the same time, each player is dealt one card face up. The player who receives the card of maximum value becomes the dealer. The player sitting to the left of the dealer begins the game.
Stage 1 - Blinds
First, the two players to the left of the dealer "post the blinds" – a blind bet without seeing their cards. This ensures there is money to play for, right from the beginning. The bet posted by the first player to the left of the dealer is called a Small Blind. The one posted by the second player to the left of the dealer is called a Big Blind.
A Big Blind is always the double of a Small Blind. Now players who do not have enough chips to make a Blind Bet, stake everything they have in one go. In a two-player game, the dealer posts the Big Blind. The game begins thereafter.
Stage 2 - Pre-Flop
Each player is dealt two extra cards. Players can have a look at their cards. The player to the left of the player who posted the Big Blind begins a round of betting.
Each player gets to call, raise or fold as the game proceeds. When the betting returns to the player who made the Big Blind, he/she can say, "Check" to ensure no one ‘raises’ the bet. However, if an opponent has already raised the Big Blind, this player has three options:  Call, Raise or Fold. When all bets get equal, the initial pot is formed and the game moves into the next round.
Note: Call - match the amount bet in the Big Blind.  Raise - increase the amount of bet.
Fold - surrender cards and the stake in the game
Stage 3 - Flop
The dealer deals three ‘Flop’ Cards face up. The round begins with the player who makes the Small Blind. If he/she flops the cards, the round begins from the first player to his/her left, provided he/she does not flop the card either. When all bets are equal, the game goes into the next round. 

Stage 4 - Turn
Now the fourth Community Card is dealt face up. The third round of betting begins. The game begins with the first player to the left of the dealer.
Stage 5 - River
Finally, the fifth and the final Community Card is dealt. This is the final round of betting. The round begins with the first active player to the left of the dealer.
Once all the best are equal, the last player to bet or play shows the cards first. If during the last betting round none of the players bet (just checking), the first player to the left of the dealer shows the cards first. The other players reveal their cards moving clockwise around the table. If a player's cards are weaker than the winning hand shown, he/she has the option to show or chuck the cards. The best hand wins the pot. If two players share an identical hand, the pot is divided equally.  
Things to remember

Missed Blinds Policies

To prevent players from entering the game at a later stage and placing blinds, an initial fee equal to Big Blind is posted. One can wait out until the Big Blind reaches ones position. Here are a few scenarios:
- If a player opts to wait for the Big Blind, he/she will be sitting out and will not be able to join the game until the Big Blind comes around to its starting point.
- If a player, despite sitting at the table misses his Big Blind, he/she will also have to miss the Small Blind.
- If a player misses bother the Small and the Big blind, he/she will have to bet an amount equal to the Big Blind plus a ‘dead’ bet equal to the Small Blind.